Useful tips and strategies for ESL/LEP Students.Most, if not all, of the information here is designed specially for the math classroom.Articles:
Strategies Hints:ELPS:ELPS (pages 4, 13, 14 have specific strategies)Student Level Review (SLR) Forms:For those that are new or unfamiliar with all the ESL and LEP talk, here is an Important Things to Know List of things to know:I. LEP vs. ESL – Know these terms and how they are different. LEP (Limited English Proficient) is a term that describes the student. Any student that speaks a language other than English at home takes an English language proficiency test. The score from this test determines if the student is LEP. ESL (English as a Second Language) describes the services that are available to LEP students.II. Find out if you have LEP students in your classroom. If you are at an ESL site, the easiest way to do this is to go to the ESL teacher in your school. The ESL teacher will have access to LEP student records and can tell you whether a student is LEP. Note: Just because a student speaks another language this does not indicate that the student is LEP.III. If you have LEP students in your class, learn the English proficiency levels of these students. English proficiency levels are separated by domain of communication (Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing) and proficiency level in each of these areas.IV. Develop an understanding of how people develop and acquire language. People develop and acquire their second language in much the same way that they develop their first language. Students will go through recognizable stages of language acquisition.V. Make your classroom LEP friendly.1. Label objects in your classroom. Write the names of objects (door, pencil trimmer, wall, light, black board, etc.) on note cards. Tape the note cards to the objects in your classroom. This will assist novice LEP students as they acquire English.2. Learn and try to incorporate some words or phrases from students’ native languages into your classroom. You can use this website for translating words and simple phrases: http://www.freetranslation.com3. Make your best effort to learn how to pronounce the student’s name. María is María and not Mary.4. Make an effort to meet the LEP student’s parents.VI. Incorporate teaching methods, modifications and strategies into your classroom that assist LEP students in acquiring English.1. Calmly and slowly speak to an LEP student. Make sure the student can see your mouth when speaking.
2. If you have a novice LEP student, partner this student with a stronger LEP student. The stronger LEP student can summarize information covered in class and help the novice student while developing a better understanding of the concept he is explaining.
3. Develop recognizable routines (going to the bathroom, taking out homework, writing in journals, silent reading). The LEP student can learn the routine without having to fully understand the language.
4. Always introduce new vocabulary in meaningful ways before beginning a new lesson. Don’t use dictionary activities to introduce new vocabulary. Use pictures and actions to introduce new vocabulary. Limit the number of vocabulary introduced at any one time to 4 to 7 words/concepts. The following website is a good resource for learning different ways to introduce new vocabulary. http://www.eslflow.com/vocabularylessonplans.html
5. Always use a graphic organizer when students are involved in critical thinking activities. Graphic organizers help LEP students see the connection between ideas and concepts (It helps them see the skill). There are myriad websites to assist in developing graphic organizers for lessons. Here are few that will be helpful. http://www.graphic.org/goindex.html ; http://eduscapes.com/tap/topic73.htmVII. Periodically meet with the ESL teacher to discuss the progress of LEP students in your classroom.
VIII. Know the testing modifications of the LEP students in your classroom and apply them consistently. This includes the SLR forms. LEP students are eligible for some or all of the following testing accommodations.
- An ESL teacher will be able to explain an LEP student’s English proficiency levels to you. This will enable you to know specifically what you can expect from students who are in different levels of English language acquisition.
- An ESL teacher may also be able to assist you in making connections with the LEP student’s home. However, note that ESL teachers don’t have to be bilingual to teach ESL.
- ESL teachers have their own linguistic goals and objectives for LEP students. However, ESL teachers can work with mainstream teachers to help LEP students learn the language of English Lang. Arts, Math, Social Studies and Science.
Last Modified on September 29, 2016